Below is a list of books that address unconventional weapons issues across the range of military operations. Each book is available for download and some are available in hard copy.

Agroterrorist Attack: DoD Roles and Responsibilities, 2006

Edited by Tasha L. Pravecek, Jim A. Davis, and Thomas Berg, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


This study was the result of a DTRA request for the CPC to determine the DoD potential involvement in responding to an agroterrorism event. The resulting report details several possible roles for the DoD in a continental U.S. agroterrorist event, outlining key findings and recommendations for response planning, manpower investments, plant and crop response, and carcass disposal.


The Al-Qaeda Training Manual, 2004

Edited by Dr. Jerrold M. Post, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


The author obtained a translation of an al Qaeda manual titled "Military Studies in the Jihad Against the Tyrants." In addition to revealing insights as to how al Qaeda operational officials view their trade, the editor offers commentary throughout the book.


The Artisanal Nuke, 2014

Authored by Mary C. Dixon USAF Center for Unconventional Weapons Studies, Maxwell AFB, AL


This thesis examines the artisanal scientific and engineering challenges inherent in maintaining the safety, security and reliability of nuclear weapons within the DOE's Stockpile Stewardship Program (SSP.) The author argues that the SSP is a reasonable solution to the continued need for a nuclear deterrent, but the program could be more cost-effective.


Averting a Nuclear Armageddon: A Review of the Literature on Nuclear Proliferation and Terrorism, 2013

Authored by Dr. George Michael, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


Dr. Michael reviews twelve contemporary books on nuclear weapons, nuclear proliferation, nuclear terrorism, and assessments of future nuclear threats and associated national security policy.


Avoiding a Nuclear Catastrophe, 2010

Authored by USAF Counterproliferation Center and Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Air University Press, Maxwell AFB, AL


Summary of the USAF CPC/DTRA Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Conference, which was held on 18-19 August 2010. Topics of the conference included President Barak Obama's nuclear agenda, the CSAF Vector 2010 plan, thinning the nuclear threat, missile defense and deterrence, dealing with nuclear terrorism, strengthening the AF nuclear enterprise, and the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review.


Avoiding the Abyss: Progress, Shortfalls, and the Way Ahead in Combating WMD, 2006

Edited by Col (ret) Jim A. Davis and Dr. Barry R. Schneider, Praeger Security International, Westport, CT


In December 1993, Secretary of Defense Les Aspin announced the Counterproliferation Initiative, a response to President Clinton's assertion that if we do not stem the proliferation of the world's deadliest weapons, no democracy can feel secure. This timely book brings together contributions from a wide range of experts to help readers understand how far the nation has come since then and what still needs to happen. Insightful essays examine: arms control treaty programs; export control regimes; interdiction; diplomatic/economic/political persuasion and sanctions; deterrence; counterforce; active and passive defense; and consequence management.


Battlefield of the Future - 21st Century Warfare Issues, 1998

Authored by Dr. Lawrence Grinter and Dr. Barry R. Schneider


The authors of the essays in this book focus on issues relating to strategy and war fighting as the world moves into the twenty-first century. In these ten essays, the authors examine the debate over the future of airpower, the unique threat of biological warfare, the impact of the information revolution on warfare, and how changes in military technology might require a rethinking of the principles of warfare. These authors address whether new military technologies, new organization for warfare, and new strategies for employing forces on future battlefields will produce a revolution in military affairs.


Bio-Defense Now: 56 Suggestions for Immediate Improvements. Final Report 85% Biological Defense Project, 2005

Authored by Maj Tasha L. Pravecek and Col (ret) Jim A. Davis, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


This is the proceedings of a workshop sponsored and funded by DTRA. The purpose of this workshop was to identify ideas that could significantly improve the defensive capabilities and facilitate military forces' survival, operation, and sustainment in a BW environment. The results included 56 ideas, divided across five tiers based on their relative importance and potential impact.


Considering a Nuclear Gulf - Thinking about Nuclear Weapons in Saudi Arabia, 2013

Authored by Dr. Norman Cigar USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


Saudi Arabia's concern that Iran may obtain a nuclear weapon has driven that country to examine its need for a nuclear option. Dr. Cigar explores Saudi Arabia's decision calculus as that country struggles with balancing promises of U.S. extended deterrence with the desire to seek its own nuclear weapons that would offer a direct deterrent to an Iranian nuclear capability.


The Dragon Awakes, 1999

Authored by Dr. Lawrence Grinter


This book offers four essays that analyze broad trends in Chinese military modernization. This includes a strategic look at the Chinese development of nuclear, space, information warfare, and conventional forces. The authors conclude that the development of these modern capabilities do not offset the overall obsolescence of most of China's armed forces. Although China is intent on modernizing its capabilities, they will limited in their impact against U.S. interests for many years.


Future War and Counterproliferation: U.S. Military Responses to NBC Proliferation Threats, 1999

Authored by Dr. Barry R. Schneider, Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT


The United States faces a small number of rogue states that either have or are working to acquire weapons of mass destruction. These NASTIs, or NBC-Arming Sponsors of Terrorism and Intervention, include such states as North Korea, Iraq, Iran, Libya, and Syria. U.S. nonproliferation programs and policies have helped to keep this number small, but U.S. and allied counterproliferation programs are essential to reduce the danger. It is up to deterrence, active defenses, passive defenses, decontamination, and counterforce to turn enemy weapons of mass destruction into instruments of limited destructive effect.


The Gathering Biological Warfare Storm, 2004

Edited by Dr. Barry R. Schneider and Dr. Jim A. Davis, Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT


This work was originally completed before events of 9/11 and published at the CPC in 2002. The chapters highlight the future prospects for biological warfare, bio-weapons in the Middle East, potential agro-terrorism, the emerging bio-cruise missile threat, prevalent myths and likely scenarios, and the public health response.


The Homeland Security Papers: Stemming the Tide of Terror, 2004

Edited by Michael W. Ritz, Ralph G. Hensley, Jr., and James C. Whitmire, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


This book presents an important intellectual framework for contemplating the future of the terrorist threat, as well as potential solutions to the complex security dilemmas that we face in dealing with a highly dynamic and resilient enemy. The nine contributions include the USA PATRIOT Act, narco-terrorism, sea-port vulnerability, energy infrastructure risks, computer network defense, emergency response effectiveness, homeland security partnerships, psychological impact of terrorist attacks, and US-Canadian cooperative measures.


Know Thy Enemy II: A Look at The World's Most Threatening Terrorist Network and Criminal Gangs, 2007

Edited by Lt Col Michael T. Kindt, Dr. Jerold M. Post and Dr. Barry R. Schneider, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


Terrorist organizations and international criminal networks pose an increasingly severe danger to US security. Who are these rivals who threaten us? What do they want to achieve? This book looks at diverse groups such as Al Qaeda, its jihadist fellow travelers as well as Hezbollah and its terrorist sponsor, Iran. Other chapters examine Hamas, Jemaah Islamiyah, the FARC, the Mexican drug cartels, and the criminal gang, Mara Salvatrucha 13. Pakistan, where jihadists pose an extreme security threat, is another focus as is a chapter on terrorist WMD threats. This look at sub-state rivals is recommended to all serious students of international security.


Know Thy Enemy: Profiles of Adversary Leaders and Their Strategic Cultures, 2003

Edited by Dr. Barry R. Schneider and Dr. Jerrold M. Post, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


This diverse collection of articles includes discussions on strategic deterrence, the Muslim Brotherhood, Pakistan's leaders, North Korea's leadership, Iran's leadership, Iraq's past experience with Saddam Hussein, Syria's leadership, Libya's leadership, behavior models of adversaries, and the need for precise assessments of rivals.


Middle East Security Issues, In the Shadow of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation, 1999

Edited by Dr. Barry R. Schneider, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


The authors of the essays in this study examine issues that the US must address if its national security policy in the Middle East is to be well informed. Authors include Lawrence Scheinman, Anthony Coordesman, Ibrahim Karawan, Avner Cohen, and W. Andrew Terrill.


The New Insurgents A Select Review of Recent Literature on Terrorism and Insurgency, 2014

Authored by Dr. George Michael USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


This book offers a review of 15 contemporary publications on terrorism, insurgencies, and other acts of violence with the intent of identifying future trends and offering policy recommendations for action. The increasing power and capabilities of sub-state groups present numerous challenges to nation-state authorities and society in general. With continued fiscal constraints, government action must be carefully applied to a nebulous target.


NPR Next: AY17 Strategic Deterrence Research Papers

Edited by Dr. Mel Deaile and Al Mauroni, USAF Center for Unconventional Weapons Studies, Maxwell AFB, AL


The Air University Deterrence Research Task Force, composed of Air War College and Air Command and Staff College students, developed a series of papers in response to a research question from Lt Gen Weinstein, Deputy

Chief of Staff for Strategic Deterrence and Nuclear Integration, focused on the upcoming Nuclear Posture Review in 2017. This collection of papers represents ongoing critical thinking on strategic policy issues conducted at

Maxwell AFB.


The Rollback of South Africa's Chemical and Biological Warfare Program, 2001

Authored by Dr. Stephen Burgess and Dr. Helen Purkitt, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


South Africa's Weapons of Mass Destruction offers an in-depth view of the secret development and voluntary disarmament of South Africa's NBC weapons program, Project Coast. The authors explore how systems used for NBC weapons in South Africa were acquired and established beyond the gaze of international and domestic political actors.


The Shaping of United States Biodefense Posture, 2015

Authored by Douglas Lewis, USAF Center for Unconventional Weapons Studies, Maxwell AFB, AL


This work conducts a historical analysis utilizing a congruency/process tracing test designed to determine the level of influence that behaviors associated with three distinct theories have had over the U.S. biological program. The history of the program is examined for evidence of behaviors associated with organizational frames, realism, and bureaucratic politics. The author concludes that the U.S.military's focus on chemical defense has played a significant role in how biological defense concepts and equipment have been developed. However, other factors may have contributed to the development of biological defense doctrine and equipment at different points in time.


The Strategic Challenge of the U.S. Nuclear Arsenal: AY14 Nuclear Issues Research Group, 2014

Edited by Albert J. Mauroni, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


The Air War College students of the AY14 Nuclear Issues Research Group, under the guidance of Dr. Adam Lowther, collaborated to develop a collection of papers on nuclear deterrence operations that includes discussions on the strategic environment, the relevancy of the current nuclear enterprise, what challenges exist in modernizing the nuclear enterprise, and contemporary policy issues. Taken as a whole, this collection represents a coherent and comprehensive overview of the role of the U.S. nuclear enterprise and the important mission that it continues to execute.


Strategic Deterrence Research Papers, 2016

Edited by Dr. Mel Deaile and Al Mauroni, USAF Center for Unconventional Weapons Studies, Maxwell AFB, AL


The Air University Deterrence Research Task Force, composed of Air War College and Air Command and Staff College, developed these papers on strategic deterrence issues that includes arms control, strategic stability, extended deterrence, joint doctrine, and cyber defense. This collection of papers represent the ongoing critical thinking on strategic policy issues conducted at Maxwell AFB.


Tailored Deterrence: Influencing States and Groups of Concern, 2011

Edited by Dr. Barry R. Schneider, Patrick D. Ellis, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


This book was written with senior United States government leadership and decision-makers in mind as a key audience. It is meant to help them analyze the best means of deterring future conflicts with state and non-state adversaries in the 21st century. The central focus is on actor-specific tailored deterrence that influences force postures, communications and actions based on contextual and scenario considerations. Any top government decision-makers who formulate policy and strategy to counter nuclear and other WMD threats should read it. In addition, this volume would be instructive to interested national security experts, military officers and informed citizens.


Toward A National Counterproliferation Strategic Communication Plan, 2007

Richard Estes, Project director with Jeff Jones, Susan Gough, Dan Burgess, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


The strategic goals and objectives for counterproliferation, and the strategic communication objectives supporting those national strategic goals, are interconnected with other national security objectives and vice versa. This strategic communications plan includes strategic goals, strategic communication objectives, agency roles and responsibilities, a discussion of the strategic communication process, and recommended audiences, themes and messages for a national-level strategic communication plan to combat the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. It also includes a representative year-long projection of national security-related events which provide informational and influencing opportunities, and special sections on Iran, North Korea, and India.


U.S. Chemical and Biological Warfare Policy: Strategic Deterrents during the Cold War, 2014

Edited by Albert J. Mauroni, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


This book is a collection of U.S. government documents, primarily from the State Department's "Foreign Relations of the United States," that involve the highest military and civilian leaders discussing the challenge of the Soviet Union's chemical and biological weapons capability and how the United States should deter the potential use of these weapons. Throughout the Cold War, the U.S. military was expected to develop and retain an offensive capability to use these weapons in both tactical and strategic operations. The collection includes commentary by the author and is intended primarily as a resource for those practitioners interested in better understanding the evolution of strategic deterrence theory and understanding the U.S. government's development of unconventional weapons.


The War Next Time: Countering Rogue States and Terrorist Armed with Chemical and Biological Weapons, 2004


Edited by Dr. Barry R. Schneider and Dr. Jim A. Davis, USAF Counterproliferation Center, Maxwell AFB, AL


The ten chapters in this book were developed prior to the initiation of Operation Iraqi Freedom, but most were updated to reflect that experience. Issues addressed include a discussion of asymmetric rivals and transnational terrorism, South Africa's CB weapons, U.S. retaliatory policy, identifying BW programs, the future bio-cruise threat, a review of the Army's CANE exercises, prophylaxis for biological weapons, bioterrorism's economic impact, and the "85%" solution to the CBW threat.